round of six-party talks held in Beijing from February the 25th
to February the 28th 2004, no substantial results came from the
talks although the U.S. , Russia, China, and South Korea considered the
second round of talks successful. All sides agreed to set up a working
group, and to hold a third round of talks by the end of June.
offered to freeze its nuclear activities in exchange for energy aid, and
to abolish nuclear weapons program while retaining its peaceful nuclear
program, with a precondition that the United States gives an assurance of
non-aggression and respect for North Korea sovereignty.
States insisted on its old stand and did not accept less than the complete,
verifiable, and irreversible dismantling of the North Korean nuclear
programs including those for peaceful purposes.
offered energy aid to North Korea in return for freezing of its nuclear
weapons program; China and Russia welcomed the proposal.
also put a proposal on the table, the same that was put forward on the 1st
round that includes three phases:
North Korea declares its willingness to dismantle its nuclear program and
the U.S. states its readiness to provide security guarantees.
North Korea would take the first step towards dismantling its programs by
freezing its nuclear activities. Once verified by inspections,
"corresponding measures" such as energy aid and other rewards would follow.
The complete dismantling of North Korea's nuclear facilities is verified and
all other related issues resolved.
wanted a written document that includes North Korea’s pledges for
abandonment of the nuclear weapons program as well as a US assurance for
North Korea's security; China proposed that security guarantee should be
provided within the framework of both bilateral and multi-lateral channels.
without a joint communiqué; instead China issued chairman’s statement.
expressed its disappointment and a spokesman of the foreign ministry issued
the following statement one day after the end of the talks:
the talks with expectation that a frank discussion on ways of seeking a
solution to the nuclear issue between the DPRK and the U.S. would open a
certain prospect of settling the issue.
Hence, we showed greatest magnanimity, clarifying its transparent will
to scrap its nuclear program according to a proposal for a simultaneous
package solution aimed to denuclearize the Korean peninsula and advancing
fair and flexible proposals for implementing measures for the first-phase
China, Russia and other participants in the talks, therefore, expressed
support and understanding of our reasonable proposal.
However, the U.S. again insisted on its old assertion about the DPRK's
abandoning its nuclear program first, saying that it can discuss the DPRK's
concerns only when it completely scraps its nuclear program in a verifiable
and irreversible manner. This threw a big hurdle in the way of the talks.
It also absurdly asserted that it can not normalize relations with the
DPRK unless missile, conventional weapons, biological and chemical weapons,
human rights and other issues are settled even after its abandonment of all
its nuclear programs.
The attitude of the U.S. side towards the talks increased our
The U.S. side unhesitatingly said that it was not willing to negotiate
with the DPRK, far from showing any sincere intention to settle the issue.
The head of its delegation only read the prepared script without
stammering and showed no sincerity, giving no answer even to the questions
The U.S. did not show any stand to co-exist with the DPRK in peace as it
did during the six-way talks held in August last year but once again
disclosed its ulterior aim to persistently pursue its policy of isolating
and stifling the DPRK, wasting time behind the scene of the dialogue.
The U.S. seems to calculate that the DPRK will collapse of its own
accord if it wastes time, putting pressure upon the DPRK undergoing economic
difficulties. This is little short of a behavior of a bat-blind person who
knows nothing of the DPRK.
The socialist system of Korean style which is guided by the Juche idea
and where the entire army and all the people are single-heartedly united,
true to the Songun politics, will never shake in any tempest.
The U.S. seems to waste time in a bid to attain its political purpose
but any delay in the solution of the nuclear issue would cause nothing
unfavorable to the DPRK.
This would give us time to take all necessary measures with an increased
Any further six-way talks will not prove helpful to the solution of the
nuclear issue between the DPRK and the U.S. unless the U.S. shows its will
to make a switchover in its policy toward the DPRK.
In spite of this situation we consented to the time to open the next
round of the six-way talks and to the issue of organizing a working group
proceeding from the sincere and patient stand to seek a negotiated peaceful
solution of the nuclear issue at any cost.
It is difficult to expect that any further talks would help find a
solution to the issue.
The settlement of the nuclear issue will entirely depend on the change
in the U.S. attitude.