The 5th round
of the six-party talks on the Korean Peninsular nuclear issue held from
November 9 to 11 2005, at Beijing Diaoyutai State Guesthouse.
multilateral talks, involving China, the US, Russia, Japan, South and North
Korea, were planned to hold in phases and they focused on how to implement
the joint statement issued at the end of the fourth round of talks in
statement North Korea pledged to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing
nuclear programs and return, at an early date, to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. And from its part the US affirms that
it has no nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention of
attacking or invading North Korea with nuclear or conventional weapons.
foreign minister and chief negotiator Wu Dawei said at the opening session
that the main task of the 5th round of talks is "to outline details, ways
and procedures for the implementation of the joint statement adopted in
September." The task should be fulfilled in line with the principle of
"commitment to commitment and action to action," he added.
between the United States and the DPRK as well as their differences in the
sequencing of actions still posed challenges in the new round of talks, the
US and North Korea are still divided over when North Korea should open up to
disarmament inspectors and whether in return it would receive compensation
including a new light-water nuclear reactor for energy. Also US intensified
economic and financial sanctions as well as US hostile remarks against North
Korea few days before the beginning of the talks exacerbated the situation.
Pledged to fulfill the joint statement, Kim Gye-gwan, head of the North
Korean delegation to the six-party talks said: "North Korea cherishes the
joint statement formed in the previous round. We are willing to make sincere
efforts at this round of talks to fulfill the spirit of the joint
statement," Kim made the remarks at Pyongyang's Sun-an Airport before
traveling to Beijing. Kim, also North Korea's vice foreign minister said the
talks have already had a clear direction, which guides the six parties all
the way forward like a lighthouse. "But the lighthouse is too far away from
North Korea and becomes less visible sometimes as the sea is always full of
said, all the parties involved could pool their wisdom and work together for
The US side
claimed North Korea should first abandon its nuclear program and create a
nuclear-free Korea Peninsula, then other issues could be discussed, US chief
negotiator Christopher Hill said: "When North Korea back to the Treaty on
the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) with the IAEA safeguards, at
an appropriate time we'll have a discussion about the subject of the
provision of light water reactor," Hill said.
setting up working groups to implement the joint statement reached in
September in the fifth round of talks on Korean nuclear issue. Kenichiro
Sasae, director-general of the Japanese Foreign Ministry's Asian and
Oceanian Affairs Bureau, made the proposal while giving a keynote speech at
the plenary session of the talks.
working groups are expected to cover North Korea's nuclear dismantlement and
inspection, and economic and energy aid to the North. In addition to the
working groups -- first two tracks to facilitate the negotiations, Sasae
also suggested the dialogue on bilateral ties and regional security be a
third track. Japan will work with the countries concerned to draw up roadmap
on the third track. Sasae also pointed out that the three tracks would
proceed independently but as part of the overall "package" of the six-party
side considers the aim of the six-party talks is to solve the issue of
denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, Sasae said, adding the Japanese
side hopes Japan-North Korea ties could get improved through the six-party
delegation held bilateral consultation with the North Korean delegation and
the head of delegation Song Min-soon said that all sides should take
measures to build up mutual trust, so as to implement the joint statement
reached at the previous round of talks. He also said: The path is still
"open" for all sides to implement the joint statement through consultations.
The fifth-round talks will lay the groundwork for carrying out the first
joint statement among the parties, he said.
chief negotiator of South Korea, said that there are three issues that need
to be addressed during the fifth round of six-party talks.
"We need to
talk about the nuclear disarmament by North Korea, economic and power
assistance to it and the normalization of diplomatic relations among
concerned countries", Song said.
phase of the meeting does not has an objective to achieving an agreement,
and it's a preliminary meeting for the substantial consultation in the next
phase of the meeting", Song said, suggesting that the achievement of the
first phase meeting could be written into a chairman statement or other
forms of document describing the progress of the meeting.
concerned parties to proceed their discussion on the implementation of the
joint statement and structure of the fifth round of six-party talks", Song
highlighted that the team is very important to process the consultation,
however, when and how to establish expert teams still need to be further
"We don't have
the plan to discuss the composition of the expert team in the current phase
of the meeting", Song added.
Song said all
the parties spoke positively on the convening of the meeting as scheduled,
which reflects the strong will from concerned parties to discuss and
substantially implement the joint statement.
expressed the South Korea's hope that the discussion should be proceed under
the framework of the joint statement, warning that if the discussion breaks
the framework, the implementation will be possibly undermined.
revealed that several delegations, including South Korea delegation, have
proposed to take some measures to build mutual trust during the process of
"from words to actions", and they all agreed that the measures should not be
word, the measures should include North Korea's nuclear disarmament and
other equivalent contents", Song stressed.
delegate Christopher Hill said in the last day of talks that the first phase
of the fifth-round six-party talks has "achieved benchmark" and technical
meetings are to start afterwards, and that the delegations of Japan, South
Korea and Russia have all made "good approaches and positive suggestions."
"There will be
technical meetings and discussions" in the near future, he added,
reiterating the US position to urge North Korea to abandon its nuclear
weapon and uranium enrichment programs at an early date.
chief negotiator Kim Gye-gwan urged all concerned parties to take
simultaneous actions to narrow the differences in line with the principle of
"commitment for commitment, action for action."
"We have put
forward our stances to implement the joint statement with the full will to
reach the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, we have talked about
issues of each other's concern, taking measures in a phased manner and
building up confidence.", Kim said.
that the US should lift the financial sanctions on North Korea. "At this
round of talks, we have raised very seriously the financial sanctions
imposed by the US," Kim said.
sanctions are in violation of the joint statement we have adopted and are
going to hinder the implementation of the commitment we have made," Kim
and the US have agreed to hold bilateral talks during the recess to solve
the financial sanctions issue, he noted.
"We have made
a commitment on nuclear abandonment because the US has pledged not to pursue
a hostile policy on North Korea and to coexist peacefully with North Korea,"
At the end of
the talks China the host country issued the chairmanís statement, the
session of the fifth round of the six-party talks was held in Beijing from
November 9 to 11, 2005. The parties conducted serious, pragmatic and
constructive discussions and put forward proposals on how to implement the
Joint Statement of the fourth round of the six-party talks. The parties
reaffirmed that they would fully implement the Joint Statement in line with
the principle of "commitment for commitment, action for action," so as to
realize the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula at an early
date and contribute to lasting peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula
and Northeast Asia.
emphasized that they are willing to comprehensively implement the Joint
Statement through confidence building, carry out all commitments in
different areas, commence and conclude the process in a timely and
coordinated manner and achieve balanced interests and win-win result through
agreed to formulate concrete plans, measures and steps to fulfill the Joint
Statement in accordance with the afore-mentioned spirit.
agreed to hold the second session of the fifth round of six-party talks at
the earliest possible date.
second phase of the 5th round of the six-party talks did not resume, and
talks are deadlocked over US financial sanctions on North Korea.