Kim Il Sung founder of the DPRK, and its leader from 1948 to 1994.
He was born on April 15, 1912, at Mangyongdae, Pyongyang, to a poor peasant
family; he is the eldest of three sons of Kim Hyong Jik and Kang Pan Sok,
his family was actively engaged for generations in the forefront of the
Korean people's struggle for the liberation and the independence of the
In 1926, he joined Hwasong Uisuk School in Huadian, Manchuria, where he
organized the Down-with-Imperialism Union (a communist revolutionary
organization) on October 17 the same year.
Later he joined Yuwen Middle School in Jirin, Manchuria, and founded the
Young Communist League of Korea on August 28, 1927.
After serving a prison term in Jilin, from the autumn of 1929 to the spring
of 1930, he formed the first party organization on July 3, 1930, at Kalun,
and organized the Korean Revolutionary Army in Guyushu, Yitong County, on
July 6, 1930. The Korean Revolutionary Army was the first armed organization
of the Korean communists, a political and paramilitary organization formed
to make preparations for the anti-Japanese armed struggle.
He formed the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army (later reorganized into
the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army), a standing revolutionary army on
April 25, 1932, and became its commander; in May 1934 he formed and guided
the Party Committee of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army.
On May 5, 1936, he founded the Association for the Restoration of the
Fatherland, at the foot of Mt. Paektu the first standing anti-Japanese
national united front body; a historic event constituted new turning-point
in the development of the Korean revolution.
In 1942, Kim Il Sung played a major role in the organization of a Joint
Allied Forces with the Soviet Union and the Chinese with the formation of
the International Allied Forces composed of some units of the Korean
People’s Revolutionary Army, Northeast Anti-Japanese Allied Army and the
Soviet Far East Forces, while keeping the identity of the Korean army.
He successfully led the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle to victory and
achieved national liberation in August 15, 1945 and made his triumphal
return home in September that year.
He formed the Central Organizing Committee of the Communist Party of North
Korea and proclaimed the founding of the Party on October 10, 1945.
He organized the Provisional People's Committee of North Korea on February
8, 1946 and was elected chairman.
He founded the Workers' Party of North Korea on August 28, 1946, a unified
political party, by merging the Communist Party of North Korea and the New
Democratic Party of Korea.
He organized the first democratic election and established the People’s
Assembly of North Korea and was elected Chairman of the People’s Committee
of North Korea.
He successfully led the anti-feudal democratic revolution, and carried out
agrarian reforms, and nationalization of industries.
He transformed the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army into the Korean
People’s Army, a regular armed force on February 1948.
On September 9, 1948, he founded the DPRK (the Democratic People’s Republic
of Korea) and was elected unanimously Premier of the Cabinet (head of
He was elected Chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea at the Joint Plenary
Meeting of the Central Committees of the Workers’ Parties of North and South
Korea on June 30, 1949.
He led the Fatherland Liberation War (June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953) to a
brilliant victory, defending the sovereignty and the independence of the
He was conferred the title of Marshal of the DPRK in February 1953.
At the Sixth Plenary Meeting of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party
of Korea in August 1953, he set forth the basic line of the postwar
reconstruction according to the characters and tasks of the socialist
He put forward the Five-Year Plan for National Economic Development at the
Third Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea in April 1956.
He was re-elected Chairman of the Central Committee at the 4th Congress of
the Workers’ Party of Korea in September 1961, and he advanced the idea of
socialist industrialization by introducing modern technology in industry and
He successfully led the tasks of industrialization on the sixties, and
modernized the army and built an integrated national defense system,
therefore, achieved self-reliance in defense.
He was elected President of the DPRK according to the amended Constitution
of the DPRK adopted at the first session of the 5th Supreme People’s
Assembly in December 1972.
At the 15th Plenary Meeting of the Fifth Central Committee of the Workers'
Party of Korea in December 1977 and at the First Session of the Sixth
Supreme People's Assembly, he put forward the policy of making the national
economy Juche-oriented, modernizing and putting it on a scientific basis,
and indicated the long-term objectives of the Second Seven-Year Plan.
He advanced the three principles of national reunification - independence,
peaceful reunification and great national unity in May 1972, the plan for
founding a Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo in October 1980, and the
10-Point Program of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the
Reunification of the Country on April 1993.
He oriented the foreign policy of the DPRK toward strengthening friendship
and unity among the developing countries and the anti-imperialist
independent forces of the world with the non-aligned movement on its core
and promoting the cause of global independence.
Kim Il Sung made great contribution to developing the revolutionary idea of
the working class for national liberation and man's emancipation, his works
were compiled from volume 1 through volume 38 and translated into different
He was awarded the title of Hero of the DPRK three times and the title of
Labour Hero of the DPRK conferred the title of Generalissimo of the DPRK.
He received over 180 top decorations from more than 70 countries and
international organizations, titles of honorary citizenship of over 30
cities, honorary doctorates and professorships from renowned foreign
Kim Il Sung the benevolent father of the Korean nation died on July 8,
1994; his outstanding achievements for the Korean nation at state, party,
and army levels, as well as his brilliant exploits performed in external
activities, will be immortal and will shine endlessly with the progress of