principles of the Juche idea are the guide to establishing Juche in Party
and state activities, and in all spheres of revolution and construction.
They are explicit fundamental principles which must be observed in
successfully carrying out the revolution and construction by adhering to the
independent and creative stands and enhancing the role of ideological
In order to
apply the Juche idea to the revolution and construction it is essential to
observe thoroughly the guiding principles of the Juche idea.
THE INDEPENDENT STAND MUST BE MAINTAINED
the revolution and construction are to be carried out as required by the
Juche idea, Chajusong must be maintained and realized in Party and state
laid down the principles of Juche in ideology, independence in politics,
self-sufficiency in the economy, and self-reliance in defence as the
principles of realizing Chajusong. The principles of Juche, independence,
self-sufficiency and self-reliant defence are the guiding principles of
realizing Chajusong in the spheres of ideology, politics, the economy and
(1) Juche in
Juche in ideology is the primary requirement of the masses'
revolutionary struggle for Chajusong. The revolution and construction are
man's conscious activities. Establishing Juche in thinking, therefore, is
the only way to establish Juche in politics, the economy, deface, and all
Juche in ideology means having the consciousness that one is the master of
the revolution and construction, thinking and doing everything, centring on
the revolution in one's own country, and acquiring the viewpoint and
attitude of solving all questions by one's own talents and initiative.
and people of a country are masters of the revolution in that country, and
to carryout the revolution in one's country successfully is the basic
mission of the party and people of one's country. The world revolution, too,
will only be successful when the revolution in every country is successful
and when, on this basis, mutual support and cooperation is given. For
this reason, the party and people of every country must firmly establish
Juche in ideology, and carry out the revolution and construction in their
country in a responsible manner, with the attitude of masters.
In order to
establish Juche in ideology, it is necessary to equip oneself with the
revolutionary idea of the working class and with the policy of one's party.
class is an independent class, and their revolutionary thinking is an
independent thinking. Only when one is equipped with the revolutionary
thought of the working class, will one be able to carry out successfully the
revolution and construction, however difficult and complex the situation is,
with the awareness that one is the master of the revolution.
of the revolutionary party of a country, the embodiment of the revolutionary
thinking of the working class, is the guide to the revolution and
construction in that country. One must equip oneself with one's party policy
and regards it as the guideline of thinking and practice. This is the only
way to carry out the revolution and construction in accordance with the
desire of one's own people and the specific reality of one's own country and
fulfil one's responsibility as master of the revolution.
When we say
that we establish Juche in ideology, we precisely mean that we equip
ourselves with the Juche idea and Party policy, the embodiment of the Juche
idea, and establish the monolithic ideological system of the Party. Only
when the whole Party and the whole society are imbued with the monolithic
ideological system, will we be in a position to say that Juche in ideology
has been firmly established.
If one is to
establish Juche in thinking, one must be well versed in one's own things.
one knows the things of one's country well, will one be able to solve all
problems arising in the revolution and construction in an independent manner
and to suit one's specific situation and carry out the revolution and
construction in conformity with the aspirations and requirements of one's
people. Only then will one be able also to love one's country and people
ardently and demonstrate a high degree of patriotic devotion and
know well Korean history, geography, economics, culture and the custom of
the Korean nation and in particular our Party's policy, its revolutionary
history and revolutionary traditions. Only then will they be able to
establish Juche and become true Korean patriots, the Korean communists.
In order to
establish Juche in thinking, it is necessary to possess a high sense of
national dignity and revolutionary pride.
sense of national pride that one's nation is inferior to none, without the
pride and honour of the revolutionary people, it would be impossible to live
up to one's conviction in an independent manner, uphold national
independence and dignity and emerge victorious in the difficult
revolutionary struggle. A nation with a strong sense of national dignity and
revolutionary pride is unconquerable, but a nation without this attribute is
powerless. The peoples of small countries who have long suffered oppression
by foreign forces need so much the more the sense of national dignity and
revolutionary pride. In the small countries where nihilism and flunkeyism
towards big powers are nationally deep rooted as a result of the imperialist
policy of assimilating colonies and obliterating their national culture,
they must give special attention to the struggle to increase the sense of
national dignity and revolutionary pride.
ensure that all the people cherish the dignity of the resourceful and
courageous Korean nation, the sense of pride and honour of a people who is
making a revolution under the guidance of the great leader in particular.
The task of
establishing Juche in ideology requires that national culture should be
developed and that the cultural and technical levels of the masses raised.
build culture which is national in form and revolutionary and socialistic in
content, Juche-oriented culture which agrees with our people's sentiments
and is based on the working-class line. This will make people's ideological
and spiritual life healthy and facilitate the establishment of Juche in
ideology. In order to develop socialist national culture on a sound basis,
we must thoroughly prevent imperialist cultural penetration and, at the same
time reject the tendency to return to the past and nihilist inclination with
regard to the heritage of national culture, inherit and develop its fine
traditions, and critically adopt progressive elements of foreign culture,
which are congenial to our people's sentiments.
It is also
necessary to make strenuous efforts to develop science and technology and
raise the cultural and technical standards of the masses. This will enable
the working people to become true masters of nature and society and get rid
of the idea of worshipping and depending on others in the matter related to
science and technology, and thoroughly establish Juche.
If Juche is
to be established in ideology, servility to big powers and all other
outdated ideas should be opposed. Establishing Juche in thinking itself
means an ideological emancipation of people from the fetters of outdated
ideas, and an ideological revolution to establish a new Juche outlook on the
world. In order to establish Juche in ideology we must reject all sorts of
outdated ideas which are contrary to the Juche idea, and thoroughly
eliminate servitude to big powers in particular.
is an attitude peculiar to slaves serving and worshipping big powers and
developed countries, and an attitude of nihilism which means looking down
upon one's own country and nation and despising them. If one is inclined to
be servile, one would be in the habit of grovelling before others and
following them, if others take to revisionism, one would follow suit; and if
others adopt dogmatism, one would act likewise.
leader said, if a person falls into flunkeyism, he would become a fool; if a
nation is servile to big powers, the country would go to ruin, and if a
party is subservient to big powers, it would make a mess of the
revolution and construction.
What is most
harmful and dangerous at present is flunkeyism towards US imperialism in
particular. This servility, which is expressed in the fear and worship of
the United States, is doing a great harm to the revolutionary struggle of
the people. The harmfulness of this servility is most notable in South Korea
today. Servility to US imperialism, which has been spread by the US
imperialist aggressors and their stooges, is the most harmful ideological
poison which is paralysing people's national and class consciousness in
South Korea and trampling upon the precious cultural heritage and beautiful
customs of our nation. Unless the struggle is intensified to oppose the fear
and worship of the United States among the South Korean people and to
heighten their spirit of national independence, neither the victory of the
South Korean revolution nor the independent reunification of the country
would be possible.
to establish Juche and oppose flunkeyism towards big powers is a serious
question on which the destiny of the revolution depends. We will continue to
intensify the struggle to eliminate flunkeyism and establish Juche in
ideology and thus guarantee the ultimate victory of the Korean revolution.
Independence in Politics
of decisive significance in social life. Without independence in politics it
would be impossible to talk about Chajusong at all. Juche in ideology is
expressed, above all, by independence in politics, and self-sufficiency in
the economy and self-reliance in defence, too, are guaranteed by
independence in politics.
Chajusong in politics means upholding national independence and sovereignty
of one's people, defending their interests and conducting politics by
relying on them.
leader instructed, political Chajusong is the first criterion and the life
and soul of an independent sovereign state. Only when a nation maintains
political Chajusong, will it be able to ensure independence and freedom and
be happy and prosperous. The revolution is a struggle to win political
Chajusong before anything else. Since all questions related to revolution
and construction, depend directly on politics, it can be said that the
destiny of the revolutionary cause is determined, after all, by political
In order to
ensure political Chajusong, it is imperative to set up a people's
to independence finds typical expression in state power. So the working
class and the masses of the people, to realize Chajusong completely, must
first of all become masters of state power. Only when they hold state power
in their hands and become true masters of state and society, will they be
able to attain political Chajusong and lead an independent and creative
In order to
guarantee political Chajusong it is necessary to build internal political
forces are the main component of the revolutionary forces. Only when one
builds strong internal political forces and relies on them, will one be able
to win and preserve sovereignty and ensure independent politics. If powerful
internal political forces are to be developed, it is imperative to
strengthen the party, the leading revolutionary force, and achieve the unity
and solidarity of the entire population based on the worker-peasant alliance
with the working class at its core. What is most important here is to rally
all the people closely round the party and the leader. When the party and
the people are solidly united into a single political force, they will be
able to display boundless strength and emerge victorious in the revolution
If one is to
ensure political Chajusong, one must have one's own guiding thought, work
out one's policy by oneself in accordance with one's decision, and carry it
thing in politics is to formulate policies and implement them. It can be
said that independent politics consists in formulating and implementing all
policies independently. Yielding to foreign pressure and tolerating
foreign intervention in politics or acting at the instigation of others
would make it impossible to maintain principle and consistency, and would
lead the revolution and construction to failure.
has laid down and implemented all its policies independently in accordance
with the interests of our people and the specific conditions of our country,
with the Juche idea as the only guiding ideology, under the wise guidance of
the leader. That is why it has always won shining victories in the
revolution and construction.
In order to
ensure Chajusong in politics, it is imperative to exercise complete
sovereignty and equality in foreign relations.
a party and a state is expressed, after all, in foreign relations. To
exercise complete sovereignty and equality in foreign relations is
fundamental in ensuring political Chajusong. Sovereignty is an inviolable
right of all parties, all countries, and all peoples. There are big and
small parties, big and small countries, and economically developed and
underdeveloped peoples in the world, but all parties, all countries and
peoples are equal and independent. No one should encroach upon the
sovereignty of others and no one should tolerate encroachment on one's
not in conflict with internationalism but is the basis of its
strengthening. Just as he world revolution is inconceivable without the
revolution in one's own country; internationalism divorced from Chajusong
cannot exist. As a matter of principle, internationalist solidarity must be
based on freedom of choice and equality. Only when it is founded on
Chajusong, will internationalist solidarity become based on free choice and
equality and become genuine and durable.
Our Party is
adhering to the policy of strengthening the solidarity of the socialist
countries and the international communist movement on the basis of opposing
imperialism and giving support to national-liberation movements in colonies
and the international working-class movement, continuing advance to
socialism and communism, and observing the principles of non-interference in
each other's internal affairs, mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit.
Our country is also adhering to the policy of joining forces with
non-aligned countries, the newly-emerging nations, on the principles of
respect for territorial integrity and state power, nonaggression,
non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual
benefit, and of cooperating with all countries which are friendly
future, too, we will uphold sovereignty and equality in foreign relations
and maintain the principle of combining Chajusong with internationalism.
Self-Sufficiency in the Economy
is the material basis of social life. Economic self-sufficiency enables one
to consolidate the independence of one's country and live independently,
provides a sure guarantee for Juche in ideology, independence in politics,
and self-reliance in defence and ensures rich material and cultural lives
for the people.
In order to
implement the principle of economic self-sufficiency, one must build an
independent national economy.
independent national economy means building an economy which is free from
dependence on others and which stands on its own feet, an economy which
serves one's own people and develops on the strength of the resources of
one's own country and by the efforts of one's own people. Such an economy
makes it possible to develop the productive forces quickly by utilizing the
nation's natural resources in a rational and integrated way, improve the
people's living standard continuously, strengthen the material and technical
foundations of socialism, and increase the nation's political, economic and
military power. It also ensures the exercise of complete sovereignty and
equality in political and economic affairs in international relations and
contributes to strengthening the world's anti-imperialist, independent
forces and socialist forces .It is vital to build an independent national
economy particularly in those countries which were backward economically and
technically because of imperialist domination and plunder in the past. Only
when they build an independent national economy in these countries, will
they be able to repel the new colonial policy of the imperialists, free
themselves completely from their domination and exploitation, wipe out
national inequality, and vigorously advance on the road of socialism.
In order to
build an independent national economy, it is essential to adhere to the
principle of self-reliance in economic construction.
Self-reliance is the revolutionary spirit and a principle of struggle of
the communists in carrying out the revolution by their own initiative. One
must believe in one's own strength and depend on it in economic
construction, just as in all other activities far the revolution and
construction. A people who energetically struggle, with confidence in their
own capability, will be able to do any difficult work. But a people who have
no faith in their own power but only look up to others, will not do anything
successfully. Only when one mobilises the efforts of one's people and the
resources of one's country and relies on one's own financial resources and
technology on the principle of self-reliance, will one be able to develop
the economy quickly at one's own desire, overcome all difficulties and bring
prosperity to the country.
independent national economy is to be built, the economy must be developed
in a diversified and integral manner.
capitalist economy which is geared to make money, the socialist independent
economy is always aimed at meeting the demands of the country, and the
people. So an independent economy should naturally be developed in such a
multifarious and integral way as to produce independently heavy and light
industry goods and agricultural products to make the country rich and
powerful and improve the people's living standard. Such an economy can also
develop safely and quickly on a solid basis.
In order to
build an independent economy which is developed in a multifarious and
comprehensive way, it is necessary, as our practical experience shows, to
follow the line of giving preference to the development of heavy industry
and developing light industry and agriculture simultaneously.
industry with the machine-building industry as its backbone is the pillar of
an independent national economy. Heavy industry developed in such a way can
guarantee economic and technical independence and accelerate the development
of light industry and agriculture and the national economy as a whole on the
basis of modern technology. Moreover, simultaneous development of light
industry and agriculture, along with heavy industry, can ensure a systematic
improvement of the people's living standard and the faster development of
heavy industry itself. Solving the problem of food on one's own through
successful farming, in particular, is of tremendous significance in
providing the people with stabilized living conditions and an independent
the economy with modern techniques and training the nation's technical
cadres on an extensive scale are indispensable for the construction of an
independent national economy.
independence is absolutely necessary for economic independence. When one has
one's own developed techniques, one will be able to develop and use the
natural resources of the country effectively and develop the national
economy in a diversified manner. Developed technology also provides the
possibility to free the working masses from backbreaking labour, narrow down
the differences between physical and mental labour and resolve independently
the difficult and complex problems arising in economic and defence
construction. Eliminating technical backwardness from the national economy
and equipping it with modem techniques is a revolution. Only when the
technical revolution is accelerated continuously through the mobilization of
all possibilities in every sector, will technology develop quickly and the
country attains economic and technical independence in a short time.
question of the nation's technical personnel is a major factor in the
struggle for economic and technical independence. This is essential to
guaranteeing economic and technological progress by one's own initiative.
This is a particularly important task in building a new society for
those countries which were under the yoke of imperialism in the past and
which consequently were far removed from modem science and technical
development. Therefore, in order to undertake the technical revolution and
attain economic and technical independence, one must put a lot of effort
into the Cultural Revolution and thus raise the cultural and technical
levels of the working masses and train an army of national technical cadres.
We must resolutely implement the leader's policy of intellectualizing the
whole society, further raise the cultural and technical levels of the
working masses, improve the qualities of technical cadres, and train more
In order to
build an independent national economy, it is necessary to establish reliable
and independent sources of raw materials and fuel.
others for raw materials and fuel is as good as leaving one's economic
lifeline in the hands of others. If one is to be economically
self-sufficient and develop the economy on a safe basis and with a long-term
perspective, one must depend on one's own raw materials and fuel sources and
mainly meet one's own demand for them. To this end, one must exploit the
natural resources of one's country to the maximum and utilize them
rationally and. at the same time, develop the industry to be a
Juche-oriented one which relies on domestic raw materials and fuel from the
independent national economy on the principle of self-reliance does not mean
building an economy in isolation. An independent economy is opposed to
foreign economic domination and subjugation; but it does not rule out
international economic cooperation. Close economic and technical cooperation
between socialist countries and newly-emerging nations, in particular, plays
an important part in ensuring economic self-sufficiency in these countries
and in increasing their economic power.
peoples of newly-emerging countries are struggling against the US and other
imperialists' policy of aggression and plunder, in defence of their national
sovereignty and natural resources, and in order to put an end to the old
economic order by which a few capitalist powers have exploited and plundered
at will the majority of the countries and peoples throughout the world, and
to establish a new fair world economic order. The newly-emerging countries
have inexhaustible manpower resources and natural wealth and huge economic
potentialities. They also have a good deal of valuable experience and
techniques which can be shared and exchanged. If they strengthen economic
and technical cooperation and vigorously struggle with their forces united,
the newly-emerging countries and peoples will be able to thwart the
imperialist policy of aggression and plunder, uphold their national dignity
and right to survival, and achieve economic self-sufficiency and prosperity
in a short period without depending on great powers.
important task confronting us today in building the socialist independent
national economy is to accelerate the Juche-orientation, modernization and
scientization of the national economy.
leader said explicitly, the Juche-orientation, modernization and
scientization of the national economy constitute the strategic line that
must be consistently followed in economic construction for socialism and
communism. By pushing forward the Juche-orientation, modernization and
scientization of the national economy, holding on fast to the line of
building the independent national economy, we must further strengthen the
independence and Juche character of the national economy; continue to
modernize technical equipment and put all productive and management
activities completely on a scientific basis.
Self-Reliance in Defence
Self-reliance in defence is a fundamental principle of an independent
sovereign state. A state without self-reliant armed forces capable of
defending the country from the enemies at home and abroad when
imperialism exists cannot, in fact, be called a completely independent
is a constant cause of war, and the main force of aggression and war today
is US imperialism. As the leader said, we do not want war, nor are we
afraid of it, nor do we beg peace from the imperialists. The best way to
preserve national independence and peace and win the revolutionary cause
is to counter the imperialist war of aggression with the war of
liberation, answer the counter-revolutionary violence of reaction with
revolutionary violence, and always meet the imperialist moves of
aggression and war in full preparedness.
purpose, we must implement the principle of self-reliance in defence.
Self-reliant defence is a military guarantee for a nation's political
independence and economic self-sufficiency. Only when one implements the
principle of self-reliant defence, will one be able to repel imperialist
aggression and intervention, defend the nation's political independence and
economic self-sufficiency and safeguard the revolutionary achievements and
the security of the people.
the principle of self-reliant defence means defending one's country by one's
own efforts. Of course, one may receive aid in national defence from
fraternal countries and friends. But it is impossible to depend on others
for the defence of one's own country. In any case, the main thing is one's
own strength. Only when one is strong, will foreign aid prove effective. In
national defence, therefore, one should rely on the efforts of one's own
people and one's own defence capability before anything else. Defence work,
too, is an undertaking for the people and of the people themselves. If all
the people participate in unison in the national-liberation struggle and in
the defence of the country, under the leadership of the revolutionary party,
they will be able to repel all imperialist aggressors and safeguard national
independence and revolutionary achievements.
order to implement the principle of self-reliant defence, one must have
armed forces capable of defending one's country.
forces must embrace the sons and daughters of the working people. An army
whose men and commanding officers come from among the workers, peasants and
other working people, can guarantee unity between the army and the
people, and between superiors and subordinates, and become a truly
self-reliant people's army which safeguards national independence and
revolutionary achievements and serves the people.
principle of self-reliant defence is to be implemented, a
defence system involving all the people and the whole country must be
establishment of such a defence system requires that the whole of the army
must be turned into a cadre army and modernized. Only when the whole army is
a cadre army, will it become strong and provide the necessary force of
commanders and multiply its strength in case of need. And a modernized army
which blends its politico-ideological superiority with modern technology
will become a really unconquerable revolutionary army.
In order to
set up an all-people, all-nation defence system, it is also necessary to arm
all the people and fortify the whole country. When all the people are under
arms and the whole corn try becomes a fortress, all the people can be
mobilized to crush the enemy as soon as it comes in to attack from any
quarter, and defend the country from imperialist aggression with credit.
principle of self-reliant defence is to be implemented, the
politico-ideological superiority of the people's armed forces should be
utilized to the maximum. The decisive factor for victory in war does not
consist in weapons or techniques, but in the high political enthusiasm and
revolutionary devotion of the army and popular masses that are
conscious of the justice of their cause. A noble revolutionary spirit
to fight for the freedom and liberation of the people, boundless loyalty to
the party and the leader, a peerless self-sacrificing spirit and mass
heroism which are expressed in willingly giving up one's youth and life for
the sake of the country and revolution, revolutionary comradeship between
men and officers, their inseparable links with the people, and voluntary
military discipline these are politico-ideological superiority peculiar to a
people's army, a revolutionary army. As the history of revolutionary
wars shows, a revolutionary army which is in firm
politico-ideological readiness, though armed with inferior weapons can fight
and defeat an enemy equipped with the latest arms. Indeed,
politico-ideological superiority is the essential merit of revolutionary
armed forces and the source of their invincibility.
imperative, therefore, to knit the army closely from a politico-ideological
point of view and steadily raise its politico-ideological level and
ensure that imperialist armies of aggression are defeated by the strength of
the politico- ideological superiority of the revolutionary people's armed
principle of self-reliant defence, to be implemented, requires that one must
build one's own defence industry. A national defence industry is a
material guarantee for self-reliant armed forces. Particularly at this time
when the US and other imperialists are viciously manoeuvring to subjugate
other countries by offering arms as a bait, and plundering other people's
resources and making huge profits through arms deal, the newly –independent
countries should build their own defence industries. This is of tremendous
significance, True; it would be difficult for small countries to produce all
the arms they need. But it would be inadvisable to depend totally on others
for the arms. They should build and develop their own defence industries so
that they can produce whatever is within their power.
order to implement the principle of self-reliant defence, it is essential to
consolidate the home front. As the leader instructed, victory or
defeat in modern war depends largely on whether or not manpower and material
resources necessary for the war effort are ensured for a long
period. If a nation is to be ready to cope with war, they must build up
major strategic zones, store up necessary material
reserves, and make full preparations from the peacetime so as to
continue with production even in the case of a contingency.
the policy of building the economy and defence simultaneously, our Party has
made good preparations both militarily and materially and built up both the
front-line areas and home front to cope with war. We will continue to fully
implement the policy of self-reliant defence, and thus further strengthen
our self-reliant armed forces to be invincible, fight back any enemy
aggression and defend the country and revolutionary achievements faithfully.
THE CREATIVE METHOD
SHOULD BE APPLIED
If we are to
carry out the revolution and construction as required by the Juche
idea, we should apply the creative method both in mapping out the policy,
strategy and tactics of the revolution and in implementing them. To apply
the creative method to solve all problems arising in the revolution and
construction in conformity with the actual conditions by relying on the
creativity of the people, this is the principle one should always strictly
adhere to in the revolutionary movement.
Method of Depending on the Popular
of the revolution and construction depends, after all, on how the creative
efforts of the popular masses are utilized.
the masses are the decisive force that propels the revolution and
construction, one can successfully solve any difficult t problem and
energetically speed up the revolution and construction only when one relies
If we are to
successfully carry out the revolution and construction by depending
on the masses, we should map out a correct policy reflecting their demands
and aspirations and make it their own.
of the people know the reality better than anybody else and have a wealth of
experience. Only when the will and demands of the broad masses are
integrated in a policy one is working out, can the policy be correct,
conform to their aspirations and interests, win their hearty support and
inspire them to the struggle. Should one fail to reflect the will of the
masses correctly, one would commit a subjective error in guiding the
revolution and construction. Then, one would be unable to enlist their
One must not
only formulate a policy mirroring the will and aspirations of the masses but
should also bring it home to the masses so as to make
it their own. All the policies of the party are implemented and realized by
the popular masses in the long run. When they are acquainted with the
correctness of party policy and the proper method to implement it, they will
accept it as vital to them and demonstrate a high degree of enthusiasm and
initiative for its fulfilment. If the policy is not grasped by the masses,
it will not produce great effect in life. In order to carry out the
revolution and construction by drawing on the creative power of the people,
it is necessary to unite them into a single political force.
of the masses lies in unity. When they are firmly united, they will
demonstrate really amazing power in the revolutionary struggle and
construction work. If the masses are to be united firmly, it is necessary to
properly combine the class line and mass line.
when the mass line is correctly carried out while firmly adhering to the
class principle, will it be possible to isolate completely the hostile
elements and build up the class position, and educate and transform all
sections of the masses to unite them and give full scope to their
creativity in the revolution and construction. If under socialism the class
struggle and the work of strengthening the people’s unity and solidarity are
not combined properly and Rightist and "Leftist" deviations are allowed to
develop, it will weaken the unity of the masses, paralyse their
revolutionary zeal and creative power and inflict a great loss to the
revolution and construction.
creative power of the masses is to be brought into play, a struggle must be
waged against all outdated things that hamper innovations. In particular, it
is important to wage an active struggle against passivism and conservatism.
This is the only way to give full play to the creative power of the masses
and bring about continuous innovations and upsurge in the revolution and
mass movements should be launched in the revolution and construction. Mass
movements are a creative way to strengthen the unity and cooperation of the
working masses and give rein to their inexhaustible strength. They are a
revolutionary method to expedite the building of socialism and communism
through mass struggle and collective innovations. One can
successfully solve any difficult problem if one fights off all
elements standing in the way of mass movements, brings the consciousness and
initiative of the masses into full play and organizes and steadily develops
important in carrying out the revolution and construction by enlisting the
creativity of broad masses is to establish a revolutionary method of work.
Even if one has a correct policy, one would neither be able to properly
mobilize the masses in its implementation nor carry out the revolution and
construction successfully, without a revolutionary method of work.
created the revolutionary work method of communists, the Juche method
of work, as far back as in the days of the anti-Japanese revolutionary
struggle. The Juche work method enables the masses of the people to
maintain the stand of master of the revolution and construction and fully
play their role as such. This work method is a revolutionary and
communist work method. It enables one always to go among the masses to
acquire a profound understanding of the actual situation and to find correct
solutions to the problems; it makes it possible for the higher ranks to
substantially help the lower units, give precedence to political work in all
work to get the masses to fulfil the revolutionary tasks of their own
accord, and solve without formality all problems creatively in a way which
is suitable to the specific features and circumstances. This method of work
always enables one to share life and death and ups and downs with the
masses, stand at their head, set an example and be modest, simple and
generous and lead the masses into fully demonstrating their creative
work method is fundamentally opposed to the method of moving people by
offering money or using force, or the administrative work method, the method
working-class party should always hold fast to the revolutionary work method
both before and after the takeover of power and in the revolutionary
struggle and construction work. In particular, following the takeover of
power, it must steadily improve and perfect the work method in conformity
with the developing reality. Only then would it be possible to exploit fully
the revolutionary zeal and creative activity of the masses and vigorously
push ahead with socialist and communist construction. Then it would also be
possible to eliminate bureaucratic and administrative tendencies which are
liable to appear in a government party. That the working-class party adheres
to the revolutionary work method of relying on the masses and enlisting
their creativity, is an important question of principle in the revolution
thoroughly apply the revolutionary work method created by the leader, the
great leader's work method, and thus give full play lo the creativity of the
masses to accelerate the revolution and construction.
Suitable to the Actual Situation
revolutionary movement demands solving all problems in conformity with the
changes and development in the reality and the specific conditions of the
revolutionary struggle for socialism and communism is waged in different
conditions of the time and the concrete circumstances of each country. There
is no formula for the revolution and construction that is suitable to all
eras and all countries. Therefore, one must always proceed from the actual
situation and creatively solve all problems in conformity with it.
If one is to
wage the revolutionary struggle in the way which is suitable to one's own
actual situation, one must correctly assess the subjective and objective
conditions of the revolution in one's own country and define the line,
strategy and tactics in accordance with them. Should one fail to take into
good account these conditions, one would fall into subjectivism in mapping
out the policy and would inflict a great loss to the revolution and
revolutionary struggle greater importance should be attached to the internal
factor and the political and ideological factor. One can promote the
revolution as one desires when the internal forces are prepared and the
masses' level of ideology is high, although other conditions are
unfavourable. In defining the policy and methods of the revolution, one must
regard the internal factor and the political and ideological factor as the
main factors and strengthen them to energetically develop the revolution.
If one is to
carry out the revolutionary struggle and construction work in accordance
with one's actual conditions, one must take a correct attitude towards the
leader instructed, with regard to the propositions or formulas of the
established theories one must apply them to suit one's specific conditions
and peculiar ties after taking into consideration the demands of the time
they reflect and the premises they are based on. A theory that
does not conform to the specific revolutionary practice is useless. In the
guidance of the revolutionary struggle and construction work, the starting
point is not the propositions or formulas of the established theories but
the actual realities.
The point is
not whether something conforms to the established theories but whether it
conforms to the demands and interests of the masses and the subjective and
objective conditions of a given period. If something should meet the demands
and interests of the popular masses and the subjective and objective
conditions, one would not need to stick to the existing propositions or
In order to
correctly carry out the revolutionary struggle, one must actively
inquire into new principles and methods of the revolution and
construction which are suitable to the historical conditions of the time and
one's concrete situation.
into new revolutionary principles and ways to meet the demands of
the actual conditions is very urgent in our time. In our era, the revolution
and construction are being intensified and developed as never before and
many new theoretical and practical problems are arising. This demands that
the guiding theory, strategy and tactics of the revolution be mapped out in
a way which is suitable to the present conditions and that the revolutionary
theory of the working class be further developed in a creative way.
theoretical activities of our Party that has originally clarified
revolutionary principles and ways to meet the demands raised by the
revolutionary practice of our time constitute a brilliant example in
adhering to the revolutionary principles of Marxism-Leninism and developing
the revolutionary theory of the working class onto a new, higher
critical and creative approach to foreign experience is important in
the revolution and construction. Such experiences always reflect the
socio-historical conditions and the national peculiarities of a particular
country. Some of them are necessary and beneficial to one's country and
suitable to one's actual conditions but others are not. One must accept what
is beneficial to one and reject what is not. In accepting the good
experiences of others, one must not swallow them raw but adhere to the stand
of changing and modifying them 'to suit one's actual conditions.
had better refer to the experiences of others, one must make effective use
of one's own experiences as far as possible.
It is wrong
both to try to copy others blindly and to refuse to learn with an open mind
from the good experiences of others. The question is what should be one's
attitude towards the experiences of others. We are opposed to the dogmatic
attitude of unconditionally worshipping the experiences of others without
demonstrating a creative spirit and mechanically imitating even that which
is not suitable to one's actual conditions. This attitude renders it
impossible to map out a correct policy conforming to the revolutionary
requirements of one's own country and the aspirations of one's own people.
In the long run, it would make it impossible to carry out the
revolution and construction satisfactorily.
To apply the
creative spirit in solving all problems in conformity with one's own
situation is a scientific and revolutionary method that makes it possible to
reject flunkeyism and dogmatism and successfully carry out the revolution
THE MAIN STRESS
SHOULD BE PLACED ON IDEOLOGY
masses' consciousness of independence plays a decisive rote in the
revolutionary movement. Therefore, in the revolution and construction one
must place the main stress on ideology and give priority over all work to
the remoulding of ideology, the political work, which is aimed at raising
the consciousness and activeness of the masses.
Priority to Ideological Remoulding
remoulding is an important task to transform people into genuine men of a
communist type. The leader put forward the task of revolutionizing,
working-classizing and intellectualizing all members of society and thus
transforming them into communist men of a Juche type, as a major
revolutionary task in modelling the whole society on the Juche idea. In
order to build socialism and communism we must not only develop the
productive forces and change the social relations but also transform people
themselves into comprehensively developed communist men. No matter how
highly the productive forces have been developed and how great the
material wealth is, one could not claim to have built a communist society
unless people, the masters of society, are transformed into men of a
If we are to
train people to be harmoniously developed communists, independent and
creative men, we must equip them with communist ideology and advanced
scientific and technical knowledge and help them to acquire a high
particular, primary attention should be directed to the task of arming
people with communist ideology.
transforming of man in essence means ideological remoulding. Thoughts define
men's worth and quality and, accordingly, ideological remodelling is of the
utmost importance in the transformation of man. Ideological remoulding is
more difficult than the change of people's conditions of material life or
the enhancement of their cultural and technical standards. Man's ideology
depends on his socio-economic position and the conditions of material life.
However, it does not change of its own accord with the change of his
socio-economic position and the material conditions of social life. The
remnants of outdated ideology are very conservative and tenacious.
Ideological remoulding is a complex and protracted task. It can be
successful only through a vigorous struggle.
remoulding of man's ideology is a far-reaching revolution. It is a struggle
to eliminate the remnants of the old society in the sphere of man's ideology
for good and arm all the working people with the progressive idea of the
working class, the communist idea. It constitutes the basic form of class
struggle in socialist society where the exploiting classes have been
liquidated. In order to remodel people in a communist way, even after the
establishment of a socialist system we must fight against the penetration of
reactionary ideology and culture by the imperialists and, at the same
time, continue to caw out the ideological revolution to eliminate the
remnants of obsolete ideology persisting in the minds of the people and
equip them with a new, communist ideology.
thing in ideological remoulding is the establishment of a revolutionary
world outlook, the outlook on the revolution.
are to be transformed into ardent communist revolutionaries who fight
devotedly for the cause of socialism and communism, they should acquire a
correct outlook on the revolution. What an attitude one takes towards the
revolution and how active one is in the revolution depends, after all, on
one's outlook on the revolution. The outlook on the revolution our Party
members and working people should possess is the Juche outlook on the
revolution. The Juche outlook on the revolution is the viewpoint and
attitude to the revolution which place the popular masses in the centre; it
is a revolutionary spirit to fight vigorously for the masses.
The core in
the Juche outlook on the revolution is loyalty to the party
and the leader. The cause of socialism and communism is started by the
leader and is carried out under the guidance of the party and the leader.
The revolutionary movement will be victorious only when it follows the
guidance of the party and the leader. Therefore, to establish a correct
outlook on the revolution, one must always put the main emphasis on
increasing loyalty to the party and the leader.
To acquire a
correct revolutionary outlook one must firmly equip oneself with
revolutionary ideology and theory. This alone would enable one to correctly
understand the laws of revolutionary development, have confidence in the
prospect of the revolution and struggle to the end in any adverse condition
without vacillation and hesitation.
a correct outlook on the revolution, one must have communist revolutionary
spirit. This spirit is an infinite devotion to give one's all for the party
and the leader, the working class and the people, burning hatred for the
enemy of the revolution and an indomitable revolutionary spirit to
resolutely fight to the end without the slightest vacillation in any adverse
condition, true to one's revolutionary principles. It is a revolutionary
spirit of self-reliance to solve all problems by one's own initiative,
braving the difficulties standing in the way of advance, and a strong
sense of organization and discipline to hold most dearly the
revolutionary organization and voluntarily observe the rules of the
organization. One can be a genuine revolutionary only when one has such
When one has
made the revolutionary ideas and theories one's conviction and acquired a
strong communist revolutionary spirit, one can say that one has
acquired a correct outlook on the revolution.
has a correct outlook on the revolution or not is proved by revolutionary
practice. The revolutionary practice is a powerful means of ideological
remoulding and a criterion which can be used to prove man's ideology.
Without practice and action it is impossible to appraise and prove man's
ideology. The revolutionary practice of communists is nothing less than a
struggle to implement the revolutionary idea of the leader and party policy.
A man who upholds the revolutionary idea of the leader and dedicates
his all to the struggle to carry out party policy is a genuine communist
revolutionary with a correct outlook on the revolution.
has a correct outlook on the revolution or not is revealed particularly at a
time of severe trials. People reveal their true nature in adverse
circumstances. He who is determined to be infinitely faithful to the party
and the leader even if he would have to give up his life and who remains
loyal to the revolutionary principles on the scaffold, is a true
revolutionary with a firm Juche outlook on the revolution. If one is to be a
communist revolutionary with a right outlook on the revolution, one must
intensify revolutionary studying.
the basic means to equip oneself with revolutionary ideas, theories,
strategy and tactics. Without studying one would not be able to comprehend
the truth of revolutionary struggle nor have a high level of class view
point and revolutionary vision. A revolutionary must always regard studying
as his first and foremost duty and continue to do it ail his life. Studying
is not merely aimed to acquire theory and knowledge. The revolutionary
theory and knowledge one has learned through studying must be turned into
In order to
become a communist revolutionary with a correct outlook on the revolution,
one must lead a faithful revolutionary organizational life.
Organizational life is a revolutionary mode of life stemming from the
essential nature of the communist movement and a school for revolutionary
training. Without this life, people would be unable to neither become
revolutionaries nor preserve political integrity. One's physical life is
inherited from his parents, but one's political life is obtained and
developed through organizational life.
Revolutionary organizational life must always be conducted amidst a strong
ideological struggle. Only when an ideological struggle is conducted
vigorously along with ideological education, can people be awakened and
trained politically and develop their ideological and moral qualities as a
revolutionary to perfection. The working-class party should always hold fast
to the revolutionary organizational life and train people to be ardent
communists in the crucible of ideological struggle.
In order to
become a communist revolutionary with a proper revolutionary outlook, one
must train oneself in the revolutionary practice.
revolutionary is hardened ideologically and in will power and acquires the
revolutionary qualities and traits in the course of the revolutionary
practice. Class struggle is the most acute revolutionary struggle, In
the course of class struggle people heighten their class consciousness,
become able to correctly tell friend from foe and acquire an uncompromising
fighting spirit against class enemies. The struggle for socialist
economic construction is also an important revolutionary struggle. Active
participation in the struggle for production and construction is the only
way to acquire confidence in the justice and victory of the cause of
socialism and communism as well as genuinely revolutionary spirit and traits
of the working class.
revolutionary study and organizational life and through revolutionary
practice we should train the Party members and working people to become
Juche-inspired communist revolutionaries with a firm Juche outlook on the
revolution and genuine revolutionary fighters who will fight with devotion
for the consummation of the Juche revolutionary cause started by the leader.
Precedence to Political Work
successful implementation of the revolutionary tasks, political work aimed
at educating and rousing the people into action, should be given priority
over all other work.
revolution and construction are carried out by the people, success in the
revolutionary struggle and in building socialism and communism depends,
after all, on the work among the people. Work among the people is, in
essence, a political work and work to enhance their ideology. Giving
precedence to political work, the work among people, means equipping the
popular masses with party policy and arousing their revolutionary zeal
before all other work so that the masses themselves will demonstrate a high
degree of consciousness and activity to carry out the revolutionary struggle
and construction work successfully.
nature, the revolution is a voluntary struggle. One stages a revolution
neither on orders from others nor to obtain some remuneration; one is
motivated to stage a revolution by one's own political belief and
self-consciousness. Therefore, the principle that should be consistently
adhered to in the revolutionary struggle is to give priority to
political work to heighten the consciousness and activity of the people.
precedence to political work is a demand arising from the essential nature
of the socialist system. Unlike in a capitalist society where the popular
masses are exploited and oppressed, in a socialist society where the masses
are masters of everything, it is essential to rely on their high political
consciousness and revolutionary enthusiasm. Only when political work is
given priority to enhance the working people's conscious zeal as masters of
the revolution, will it be possible to give full play to the superiority of
the socialist system and vigorously promote socialist construction.
precedence to political work does not imply neglecting administrative and
business affairs or technical and economic work.
the leader instructed, administrative and business affairs and technical and
economic work should be correctly combined with political work while giving
precedence to the latter. The building of socialism and communism is a
highly organized undertaking which involves the whole society and is
conducted in a planned manner. This is complex work which is based on modem
science and technology.
administrative and organizational work and scientific technical and economic
work are indispensable for the building of socialism and communism. And yet,
these will be successful only when priority is given to political work. No
revolutionary task could be successful if one should neglect political work
and get himself involved only in technical and economic business.
In order to
mobilize the masses to socialist construction successfully, we should place
our main emphasis on political and moral incentive and correctly combine
this with material incentive.
essential feature of socialist society lies in its communist character. The
political and moral incentive is derived from the communist character of
socialist society and is aimed at strengthening it. As a matter of
fact, socialist society is of a transitional character. Therefore, the
socialist principle of distribution according to the quality and quantity of
work done should be enforced in this society, and the material incentive
should not be ignored. However, neglecting the political and moral incentive
and placing the main emphasis on the material incentive runs counter to the
essential character of socialist society. This is a very dangerous and
harmful tendency. It fosters selfishness among the working people and makes
them mercenary and acquisitive. In the final analysis, it undermines the
socialist system and the revolutionary achievements. Under socialism the
political and moral incentive should be the first precedence in all
circumstances. The essential superiority of the socialist system lies in the
fact that the popular masses, who have become the masters of everything,
consciously work in firm unity for the country and the people, for the
society and the collective. Only when the main stress is placed on the
political and moral incentive, will it be possible to stimulate the
masses into demonstrating conscious enthusiasm in work with a correct
position and attitude as befitting the masters of the country and the
work should be done through persuasion and education. This is work among
people, work to rouse their ideology. The bureaucratic method expressed in
giving orders and shouting commands can never rouse the conscious zeal of
people. Only persuasion and education aimed at reasoning with and
admonishing people will be able to equip them with revolutionary ideas, give
full play to their revolutionary zeal and inexhaustible creative power and
forge closer links between the party and the masses.
work should be done in an original way by applying various forms and
methods. This is creative work which is conducted under different conditions
and circumstances; it is work among the people at different levels and with
different characteristics. Therefore, there cannot be a uniform formula or a
set pattern in this work. It must be done in a way which is suitable to the
actual situation with diverse forms and methods and in an effective and
work must be conducted in such a way that the masses regard it as their own
affair. Since it is work to educate and rouse broad sections of the masses
into action, it cannot be done with the efforts of only a few people. As a
matter of principle, all revolutionaries should be political workers and
educators and organizers of the masses.
leader explained, the method of one person rousing ten persons into action,
ten a hundred and a hundred a thousand through education, is a superior
method in enlisting many people in political work and turning it into a
struggle which concerns the masses themselves.
work must be closely combined with revolutionary practice. The major
objective of this work is to implement the revolutionary tasks
successfully. Success in the work must find expression in the actual result
of the revolution and construction and must be appraised by it. Political
work which is alien to the revolutionary tasks and which is not helpful to
the revolution and construction is futile.
continue to adhere strictly to the principle of giving priority to
political work, whose correctness and vitality have been proved by the
revolutionary practice, and thus build socialism and communism faster and