Juche idea is a new philosophical thought which centres on man.
leader said, the Juche idea is based on the philosophical principle that man
is the master of everything and decides everything. The Juche idea raised
the fundamental question of philosophy by regarding man as the main factor,
and elucidated the philosophical principle that man is the master of
everything and decides everything.
That man is
the master of everything means that he is the master of the world and of his
own destiny; that man decides everything means that he plays the decisive
role in transforming the world and in shaping his destiny.
philosophical principle of the Juche idea is the principle of man-centred
philosophy which explains man's position and role in the world.
made it clear that man is a social being with Chajusong, creativity and
material existence, is not a simple material being. He is the most developed
material being, a special product of the evolution of the material world.
Man was already outstanding as he emerged from the world of nature. He
exists and develops by cognizing and changing the world to make it serve
him, whereas all other material lives maintain their existence through their
subordination and adaptation to the objective world.
Man holds a
special position and plays a special role as master of the world because he
is a social being with Chajusong, creativity and consciousness.
gave a new philosophical conception of man by defining Chajusong, creativity
and consciousness as the essential features of man, the social being.
creativity and consciousness are man's social qualities which take shape and
develop socially and historically. Man alone in the world lives and conducts
activity in social relationship. He maintains his existence and achieves his
aim only socially. Chajusong, creativity and consciousness are peculiar to
man, the social being.
Man is a
being with Chajusong that is an independent social being.
an attribute of social man who is desirous of living and developing in an
independent way as master of the world and his own destiny. On the strength
of this quality, man throws off the fetters of nature, opposes social
subjugation of all forms and puts everything at his own service.
the life and soul of man, the social being. When Chajusong is referred to as
man's life and soul, it means social and political integrity. Man has a
physical life and also social and political integrity. The physical
life is what keeps a man alive as biological organism; social and political
integrity is what keeps him alive as social being.
Man is a
being with creativity, that is, a creative social being.
is an attribute of social man who transforms the world and shapes his
destiny purposefully and consciously. By virtue of his creativity, man
transforms nature and society to be more useful and beneficial to him by
changing the old and creating the new.
like Chajusong, constitutes an essential quality of man, the social being.
Chajusong finds expression mainly in man's position as master of the world;
creativity is expressed mainly in man's role as transformer of the world.
Man is a being with consciousness, that is, a conscious social being.
Consciousness is an attribute of social man, which determines all his
endeavours to understand and reshape the world and himself. Because he has
consciousness man understands the world and the laws of its motion and
development, reshapes and advances nature and society as he desires.
Consciousness guarantees the Chajusong and creativity of man, the social
being, and ensures his purposeful cognition and practice.
creativity and consciousness, after all, are what enable man to be superior
to any other being and to be the most powerful being in the world, to
approach the world not fatalistically but revolutionarily, not passively but
actively, and to reshape the world not blindly but purposefully and
consciously. Man, the social being, who has Chajusong, creativity and
consciousness, is precisely the only dominator and maker of the world.
of course, live outside the world; he lives and conducts his activity in the
the object of man's labour and also is the material source of his life.
Society is a community where people live and conduct activities. Natural
environments and social conditions have a great effect on human activity.
Whether natural environments are good or bad and, in particular, whether the
political and economic systems of a society are progressive or reactionary,
these factors may favourably affect human endeavour to remake nature
and develop society or limit and restrict that activity.
But man does
not merely adapt himself to environments and conditions. By his independent,
creative and conscious activity, man continuously transforms nature and
society, changing as he desires what does not meet his needs, and replacing
what is outdated and reactionary with what is new and progressive. This is
man's endeavour and struggle to change and transform the world into one that
serves man better.
idea established a man-centred outlook on the world by throwing a fresh
light on the essential characteristics of man and his position and rule in
already been known that the world consists of material and changes and
develops as a result of the motion of material. The Juche idea gives a new
world outlook by answering the question of who is the master that dominates
nature and society and where is the force that transforms them. That the
world is dominated and reshaped by man is a new viewpoint on the world in
relation to man.
idea shows a new viewpoint and attitude to the world, on the basis of man's
position and role as master of the world.
viewpoint and attitude to the world shown by the Juche idea are those with
which the world is approached by focussing on man, the master of the world.
man-centred attitude towards the world means approaching the world from the
viewpoint of interests of man, the master of the world.
should naturally be approached from this angle because man is the master of
the world. Man understands and transforms the world in order to bring
everything in the world to serve him. Man is the most precious being in the
world, and his interests are more valuable than any others in the world.
Everything in the world has its value only when it serves man. Therefore,
approaching the world from the viewpoint of making it serve man better is an
absolutely correct viewpoint and attitude to the world.
the world by focussing on man means dealing with the change and development
of the world
the basis of the activity of man who transforms it.
Man is the
most powerful being in the world, and man alone is capable of transforming
the world. It is man and none other that requires its transformation and
performs this work. Man acts upon and transforms the world as he desires,
drawing on the objective laws. The world is changed for the benefit of man
only by his energetic activity. For this reason, it is an absolutely correct
viewpoint and attitude to the world to approach its change and development
from the standpoint of man's positive activity to transform nature and
society purposefully and consciously to meet his own desire.
viewpoint and attitude to the world are truly revolutionary in that they
enable men to transform the world and shape their destiny independently,
creatively and consciously, with a high degree of awareness that they are
masters of the world and their own destiny.
world outlook which is based on the philosophical principle that man is the
master of everything and decides everything is an absolutely correct outlook
on the world in our time.
advances, man's position and role as master of the world are strengthened,
and the extent of people's domination over the world increases daily through
their independent, creative and conscious struggle. In our time the masses
of the people have emerged as true masters of the world, and through their
struggle the world is being changed more and more to serve the masses. Today
the position and role of the masses of the people as masters of the world
are becoming stronger than ever before. This reality proves more patently
the validity and vitality of the principle of Juche philosophy that man is
the master of everything and decides everything.