Juche idea clarifies the laws of historical development and social
revolution. This idea has thrown a fresh light on the fundamental principles
of the social movement, the revolutionary movement, of the working masses
who create and develop history.
socio-historical principles elucidated by the Juche idea constitute a new
socio-historical outlook, the Juche outlook on history.
MASSES OF THE PEOPLE ARE THE SUBJECT OF SOCIAL HISTORY
of the subject of history is a basic question in understanding the
development of society, the development of revolution, from the attitude and
point of view of Juche.
leader instructed, the working masses are the subject of history and the
motive force of social progress.
develops through the struggle of the masses to transform nature and society.
That history develops precisely means that the position and role of the
masses as the subject of history are enhanced.
socio-historical movement has its own peculiar laws which are different from
those of natural motion. Of course, the social movement has something in
common with the natural movement in that it is also a motion of material.
The social movement, too, is governed by the universal laws of the material
world. But the social movement has its subject, whereas there is no such
thing in the motion of nature. In nature the motion takes place
spontaneously through the interaction of material elements which exist
objectively. In contrast, the social movement is caused and developed by the
volitional action and role of the subject.
of the social movement consists in the masses of the people. Without the
masses there would be no social movement itself, nor would it be conceivable
to talk about historical progress.
of the people are the masters of revolution and construction and the
decisive factor in transforming nature and developing society. The
revolutionary struggle and construction work are undertakings for the
very masses and of the masses themselves. The masses of the people undertake
the revolution and construction for themselves in order to shape their
destiny. It is the masses that want the revolution and construction, and it
is also the masses that carry them out. They produce all social wealth by
their hands, and transform the world and advance history by their struggle.
But for the creative activity of the masses, the social change and progress
would be inconceivable. Human history shows that the masses' wisdom and
ability to understand and transform the world are unlimited, though the
scope of the world created and changed by each of the generations is
of the masses grows stronger and their power increases through the
transformation of nature and society. With the consolidation of their
position and growth in their strength, their positive action on
socio-historical progress increases.
of history is the working masses, not the reactionary exploiting
classes. The working masses carve out and develop history, but the
exploiting classes try to arrest and turn back the historical advance. All
exploiting classes, after all, constitute a reaction against history; they
are the target of revolution. The whole course of the existence of class
societies has been a history of sharp struggles between the creators of
history and reaction against history, between the masters of revolution and
the targets of revolution, that is, between the working masses and the
reactionary exploiting classes. Society has advanced and developed through
they are the subject of history, the masses of the people do not hold the
same position and play the same role in all ages and in all societies. In
the class society, unaware of their social status and class
relationship and their strength for a long time in the past, the working
masses could not unite into a political force. Therefore, they were deprived
of all rights, subjected to exploitation and oppression, by a handful
of ruling classes and denied their legitimate position as masters of
society. Even in the exploiting society they created all material and
cultured wealth by their own efforts, but they were unable to shape history
in an independent manner, because they could not occupy the position of
masters of society. Only by seizing state power and the means of production
in their own hands and by establishing a socialist system can the working
masses free themselves from exploitation and oppression and create history
consciously as true masters of society and their own destiny.
socialist society the working masses undergo a radical change in their
status and destiny, and their position and role are enhanced. This is due to
the revolutionary leadership and struggle of the working class.
of development of a socialist society under the leadership of the
working class is the process of working-classizing the whole society. When
the whole society is reshaped completely on the pattern of the advanced
working class under its leadership, the position of the popular masses, the
subject of history, would be remarkably stronger, and their role in
pushing forward the historical progress and revolutionary development
If they are
to hold their position and fulfil their role as subject of history, the
popular masses must be brought into contact with leadership. Only under
correct leadership, would the masses, though creators of history are
able to occupy the position and perform their role as subject of
between leadership and masses is a very important question especially in the
revolutionary movement, the communist movement, which is carried out by the
working class and the broad masses of other people. Without correct
leadership the communist movement would not advance victoriously because
this movement itself is a highly conscious and organized one involving a
serious class struggle.
of leadership in the movement is precisely the question of leadership given
by the party and the leader to the masses of the people.
working-class party is the general staff of the revolution, and the
leader of the working class is the foremost leader of the revolution. How
the masses are awakened to consciousness and organized in a revolutionary
way, and how they perform their revolutionary duties and historical mission,
depend on whether or not they are given correct leadership by the party and
they receive correct guidance from the party and the leader, would the
working class and the masses of other people be able to vigorously develop
the deep-going and complicated revolutionary struggle to transform nature
and society, achieve national and class liberation, build a socialist,
communist society successfully, and run it properly.
leader said, the masses of the people have now emerged as masters of
history, masters of revolution and construction, and are transforming the
world more and more as they desire.
people including the working class are standing firmly in the central place
of the historical development of our time. Hundreds of millions of people
who have long suffered class and national oppression and exploitation are
vigorously advancing on the road of sovereignty and independence and social
progress and playing a greater role in shaping the destiny of humanity and
the future of the world. Because of this grand forward movement of our time
capitalism and imperialism, which has grown fat on the blood and sweat of
the working masses and lorded it over their destiny for centuries, is
precipitating irreversibly into bankruptcy and towards its downfall, deep
into the grave of history.
of the people who have become legitimate masters of their own destiny are
transforming the world and creating a new history of mankind in accordance
with their aspirations. This is the basic trend of modern history which no
force can ever stop.
HISTORY IS THE HISTORY OF THE PEOPLE'S STRUGGLE FOR CHAJUSONG
of human society is the history of the struggle of the popular masses to
defend and realize Chajusong. The leader said that all revolutionary
struggles are struggles of the popular masses to defend their Chajusong.
the long history of human society people have ceaselessly struggled to free
themselves from the fetters of society and nature. All the struggles
to transform society, nature and man are struggles to defend and
realize Chajusong for the masses of the people.
for social reform is an undertaking of the masses to provide themselves with
social and political conditions for their independent life, free from class
and national subjugation. If they are to live and act independently, people
must destroy the outdated social system which tramples upon Chajusong. Only
when they wipe out the old social institutions and set up a social
system which provides people with Chajusong, will the masses of the people
be able to become true masters of society and their destiny and lead an
to transform nature is an effort of the masses to create material conditions
for an independent life, free from the fetters of nature. If people are to
live and make progress, they must work to harness nature and produce
material wealth. Only through the transformation and conquest of nature can
they free themselves from its fetters and prepare material conditions for an
to transform man is the struggle of the masses to create ideological and
cultural conditions for an independent life, free from the shackles of
outdated ideas and culture. Only when they are completely free from the
shackles of outdated ideas and culture and acquire the consciousness of
independence and sound culture, will people be able to hold their destiny
firmly in their hands, reshape it and live and act genuinely as independent
transformation of society, nature, and people is the main elements of the
masses' struggle for Chajusong. Man can realize Chajusong completely only
when he is free from social bondage, natural fetters, and the shackles of
outdated ideas and culture. The struggle for Chajusong should be carried out
on a full scale in all spheres of social reform, natural transformation and
question arising in the struggle of the popular masses for Chajusong is to
realize Chajusong socially and politically.
Since man is
a social being, Chajusong must first be guaranteed socially and politically.
This is the key to man's Freedom from natural fetters and also to his
ideological and cultural development. As long as they are subjugated
socially and politically, the masses of the people cannot adequately benefit
from the productive forces, even if these are developed, nor can they be
free from the bondage of reactionary ideas and culture.
of human society ever since its division into hostile classes has, above
all, been a history of social revolutions to realize social and political
Chajusong for the popular masses. Through social revolutions the masses have
carved out their destiny and developed society.
slave revolts which were, so to speak, the first struggle in history
of the exploited working masses for Chajusong, and to peasant struggles
against feudalism in the middle Ages, the slavery and the feudal system
collapsed. That meant progress in the struggle of the working masses for
Chajusong. But that was only a replacement of the chains of slavery
with feudal fetters, which in turn were replaced with the yoke of capital,
not the abolition of class domination and oppression itself. In the
history of human society, capitalism is the last exploiting system which
tramples upon the masses' aspirations and demand for Chajusong. It is a
violently oppressive system which combines class domination with national
liquidation of the capitalist system and establishment of a new socialist
system mark a historic turning point in the development of the revolutionary
struggle for Chajusong. With the establishment of the socialist system, all
exploiting classes and institutions which trample upon the aspirations and
demands of the masses for Chajusong are abolished, and the masses are
provided with the necessary conditions which enable them to hold state power
and production means in their hands and lead a fully independent life.
transformation of nature and man, along with social reform, is an important
historic task in the struggle of the popular masses for Chajusong.
In the whole
course of development of human society, the masses of the people have
continuously struggled to free themselves from the fetters of nature and
enhance themselves ideologically and culturally.
At the dawn
of human society, people's creative power was weak and their ideological and
cultural levels were very low. By their age-long hard-fought struggles the
masses have increased their ability to conquer nature, enriched their
knowledge, developed the productive forces, and steadily raised the levels
of their ideological consciousness and culture. Modern science and
technology, progressive ideas and culture which have been developed by human
society, are without exception the result of the historical struggles of the
transformation of nature and man, that is, the historic cause of freeing the
popular masses from the fetters of nature and outdated ideas and culture and
developing them to be powerful beings capable of dominating nature and real
possessors of revolutionary ideas and culture, can be fully undertaken and
achieved with success only under socialism where the working masses are
masters of society. Under socialism where the question of revolutionary
change in the social system has already been resolved in the struggle for
Chajusong, the major tasks are to reshape nature and re-educate people to
emancipate the masses, who have eliminated social oppression, from the
shackles of nature and outdated ideas and culture. When the work of
transforming nature and re-educating people is pushed forward in a complete
way on the basis of steadily consolidating the socialist system, the
Chajusong of the masses will be more completely realized in all spheres.
struggle to defend the masses' Chajusong assumes an international character.
Since the forces of imperialism which oppress Chajusong are allied on an
international scale, the struggle to oppose imperialist domination and
oppression and defend Chajusong, too. Cannot but be an international
undertaking. Because of the community of their historical backgrounds and
interests, the formerly oppressed nations and peoples who have been
subjected to colonial slavery, with their independence and sovereignty
downtrodden by imperialism, are united together on the same front of
struggle to oppose imperialism and defend Chajusong. All countries, all
nations, and peoples the world over that advocates Chajusong must struggle
jointly, in dose unity under the revolutionary banner of anti-imperialism
and independence. This is the only way to abolish the imperialist world
order which is based on inequality and full of contradictions, and to set up
a new international relationship based on Chajusong and equality amongst
countries and nations.
age-long, ceaseless struggle of the masses for Chajusong can win its
ultimate aim by building socialism and communism. The struggle for socialism
and communism is the highest stage of the struggle for Chajusong. It
is a struggle to end once and for all the exploitation of man by man, the
oppression of class by class, and the domination of state by state in human
society, to wipe out all remnants of old societies handed down through
history, And to finally free the people from their shackles. In a
communist society the masses of the people will lead a completely
independent life as masters of nature and society and as true masters of
their own destiny.
Chajusong is an absolute requirement of man as a social being and his
inalienable fundamental right. It is natural, that man, who regards
Chajusong his life and soul, combats any encroachment on his Chajusong. The
popular masses rise in the revolutionary struggle for Chajusong against the
oppressors. And for the sake of Chajusong they devote all their creative
talents and energies to building socialism and communism.
is to be defended, an independent stand must firmly be maintained in the
revolution and construction.
leader instructed, the independent stand is the fundamental stand that must
be adhered to in the revolution and construction. Sticking to this
stand is the requirement of the revolutionary struggle, the struggle for
independent stand is a thoroughly revolutionary stand, the working-class
stand. The working class is the most independent class which struggles to
emancipate itself by its own initiative and to become the master of its own
destiny. The cause of socialism and communism is the historic cause of the
working class, aimed at completely realizing the Chajusong of the masses of
the people. Any stands which are contrary to the independent stand are alien
to the working-class stand, the stand of the popular masses, and they are
all harmful to the cause of socialism and communism.
independent stand finds expression in the exercise of the rights as masters
of the revolution and construction. This means, that the masses of the
people handle all problems of the revolution and construction in their
interests, according to their own independent judgment and decision. The
right to deal with all these problems belongs solely to the people, the
masters, of the country concerned. All questions related to the
revolution and construction in a country must naturally be disposed of by
the judgment and decision of the people of that country. This is the only
way the people of each country can defend their interests and carry through
their will and desire. The people of each country must not tolerate any
foreign pressure or interference. Failing to resolve one's own problems by
one's own decision under pressure or in bondage to others means losing one's
rights as master, following will of others and acting against one's own
interests means giving up one's rights as master.
independent stand is expressed in fulfilling the responsibility as masters.
This signifies chat the popular masses resolve all questions in the
revolutionary struggle and construction work on their own responsibility and
initiative as befitting masters. As the revolution and construction are
their own undertakings, they ought to resolve all problems arising in these
undertakings by their own initiative on the principle of self-reliance. One
might receive aid from others in the revolution and construction, but
in any case the main thing is one's own initiative. Trying to get one's own
work done by others or to get one's own problem solved by others is
tantamount to shirking one's responsibility as master and
relinquishing one's position as such.
one upholds the independent stand can one always resolve the
question of revolution in one's country, the question of one's nation, in
accordance with one's own views and conviction and in the revolutionary
spirit of self-reliance, and carry out the revolution and construction
successfully, whatever the circumstances.
of each country must not only oppose aggression and subjugation in firm
defence of their Chajusong, but should also fight against imperialism and
dominationism which trample upon the Chajusong of other peoples. Only when
one opposes such encroachment on one's own Chajusong and the act of
trampling upon that of others, can one be said to be standing truly in
defence of Chajusong.
revolutionary struggle of the popular masses against imperialism and
dominationism which trample upon Chajusong and for the victory of the cause
of socialism and communism is steadily being strengthened and developed.
Nothing can stem the current of historical development which demands
Chajusong and advances on the road of independence. Not only today but also
the future belongs entirely to the people who are struggling for Chajusong.
SOCIO-HISTORICAL MOVEMENT IS A CREATIVE MOVEMENT OF THE POPULAR MASSES
socio-historical movement is a creative movement of the popular masses to
transform and change nature and society.
activity for an independent life is characterized by creativity. Man
realizes his desire in life through his creative activity.
of man's creative activity are nature and society. By means of his activity
to transform nature which surrounds him and to reform the society in which
he lives, man creates new material and cultural wealth and builds a new
system and a new life.
of the people are creators who remake and change nature and society. They
are desirous of abolishing the old and creating the new and have creative
ability to transform nature and society.
history is the popular masses' history of creation.
beginning of human history, the masses of the people have been conquering
nature and making what is necessary for their existence and development by
their creative labour, and effecting social progress by their creative
activity to change the old. Their continuous creative activity has advanced
creative activity to conquer nature and bring about social progress
accompanies struggle. The process of creation is precisely the process of
struggle. Without struggle the creation of new things would be
inconceivable. The process of replacement of an old social system with a new
one and the social emancipation of the masses in particular is a process of
fierce class struggle. A revolution begins with struggle and ends
with struggle. The forces which go in for the preservation of an old system
and life never give up their place of their own accord. A new system and
life can be created only through the struggle to wipe out the old forces.
All progress and changes made by humanity throughout history, after all, are
the fruit of the popular masses' creative struggle.
of their creative struggle is the process of developing themselves to be
more powerful beings.
of the people have increased their creative ability while at the same
time transforming nature and developing society. The history of social
productive forces is the history of the growth of men's creative capability
to conquer nature. The history of social revolutions is the history of the
process to strengthen the revolutionary power of the masses to reshape
in the creative ability of the masses, the socio-historical movement
communist movement organized and developed by the working class is the
highest form of creative movement in human history. This is a movement to
build a society where the Chajusong and creativity of the masses of the
people are fully realized, the highest ideal of mankind which is
fundamentally different from all class societies that have existed in
history. The creative power of the masses, too, is exploited fully in the
revolutionary movement of the working class. It is not until their
involvement in the revolutionary movement of the working class, the
communist movement, that the working masses whose creative activity has been
restrained by the ruling classes during the whole period of antagonistic
class societies, become genuine creators of history who transform the world
to meet their own will and desire and shape their destiny in an independent
revolutionary movement, the creative activity of the masses, requires that
the creative stand be always maintained firmly in the struggles to reshape
nature and society.
the creative stand is indispensable to leading the revolutionary
movement to victory. Only when they adhere to the creative stand, can the
popular masses keep properly their position as masters of the revolution and
construction, and fulfil their role as such.
stand is one that the masses of the people ought to maintain as transformers
of nature and society, as shapers of their own destiny. Without maintaining
this stand it would be impossible for them to reshape nature and society to
meet their will and desire or hold their own destiny in their hands and
shape it for themselves. Adherence to the creative stand is a sure guarantee
for solving all problems by the efforts of the masses themselves to meet the
requirement of the revolution and in accordance with their interests.
leader instructed, the creative stand constitutes the fundamental method
that must be relied on in the revolution and construction.
revolutionary movement requires that one should depend firmly on the
creative wisdom and strength of the masses and utilize them to the full. The
masses are masters and the motive force of the revolution and possessors of
inexhaustible creative talents and strength. Only when one depends on
their creative talents and strength, will one be able to understand the
objective world correctly, solve all problems to suit the reality, and
transform nature and society successfully. The creative stand provides the
method by which to give an active stimulus to the creative power of the
masses, push forward the revolution and construction on one's own
initiative, overcome the difficulties in the path of progress by the
struggle of the masses, and ensure continued innovations and ceaseless
revolutionary movement takes place in a specific reality which is always
diverse and undergoes ceaseless changes. It rejects all sorts of schemata
and dogmas and opposes the outdated attitude of imitating others
mechanically. A schematic viewpoint and a dogmatic way of thinking restrain
creativity and prevent correct understanding of the ever changing diverse
realities and block the possibility of working out a scientific method of
revolution and construction. Only when one bases oneself firmly on the
specific reality and maintains a creative attitude towards everything, will
one be able to identify the correct method of transforming nature and
society and apply it skilfully. The creative stand represents the method
whereby one rejects a dogmatic attitude and grasps the reality in its true
perspective and concretely by one's own thinking and solves all questions
stand constitutes the revolutionary method which enables one to meet most
effectively the requirements of our time when the masses of the people have
emerged as masters of history and when the revolutionary movement is highly
developed. Our time requires that the role of the masses in the revolution
and construction be enhanced to the highest degree and that all questions be
solved creatively. The creative stand offers a sure guarantee for the
victory of the revolution by enabling one to formulate a scientific
revolutionary strategy and struggle policies in keeping with the development
of our time and the new requirements of the revolution and ceaselessly
increase the creative power of the popular masses.
PEOPLE'S CONSCIOUSNESS OF INDEPENDENCE PLAYS THE DECISIVE ROLE
IN REVOLUTIONARY STRUGGLE
revolution is propelled forward to victory by the conscious struggle of the
masses of the people.
put in a new light the principle that the masses' consciousness of
independence plays the decisive role in the revolutionary struggle.
consciousness determines and regulates all actions of man.
Consciousness, essentially, is the highest quality that makes man superior
to all beings and the most powerful in the world. It is the sophisticated
function of man's brain, the most developed of his physical organs. The
brain plays the central role in the activity of human life, and
consciousness which is the function of the brain, commands all actions of
consciousness reflects man's desire and interests, and for this reason, it
has the most active effect on his conduct. Without the determination and
regulation of ideological consciousness, man's independent and creative
activities would be inconceivable.
If a man is
to be an independent creative being, he must have the consciousness of
independence. This consciousness means the awareness of one's being the
master of one's own destiny and signifies the will to shape one's destiny by
one's own initiative. Only when a man has the consciousness of independence
can he conduct conscious activity to conquer nature and actively struggle
against the oppressors who encroach and trample upon his Chajusong. Man's
endeavour to acquire a scientific understanding of the world and transform
it actively is none other than the rnanifestation of his consciousness;
man's role in transforming nature and society, after all, is the role of his
consciousness of independence plays the decisive role in the masses'
revolutionary movement for Chajusong.
revolutionary movements are conscious movements. A revolutionary movement
begins with awakening people to an advanced idea and emerges victorious on
the strength of the masses of the people who are armed with the advanced
consciousness is the decisive factor that determines man's role in the
revolution and construction.
consciousness determines the class character of the actions of people who
participate in the revolutionary movement. There can be no super class
ideology in a class society, and what is basic to manís ideological
consciousness is his class awareness. People's attitude towards the class
struggle is determined by their class consciousness. Of course, people's
activities are based on their social and class positions and limited
by them. But their social and class positions have effect on their actions
always through their ideological consciousness. Which class interests people
struggle for in a class society depends on which class ideology they have.
Only when they have the ideology of an advanced class, the consciousness of
independence, can they have a correct class standpoint and struggle for the
victory of the revolution.
The will and
fighting power of people demonstrated in the revolutionary movement are also
determined by their ideological consciousness. The level of the willpower
and strength demonstrated by the people is determined by their ideology.
Only those who have a firm consciousness of independence will be able to
take an indomitable attitude towards the revolution, actively participate in
it with a strong will, and struggle to the end, overcoming all difficulties
revolutionary ability is unfathomable, but it cannot find full expression if
they are not ideologically awakened. Ideologically unawakened masses are
unable to rise in the revolutionary struggle in spite of exploitation and
oppression imposed upon them, nor can they successfully transform nature and
society to meet their needs. Only those masses that are conscious of their
class interests can demonstrate their revolutionary force to the full and
guarantee victory in the revolution.
The role of
ideological consciousness steadily increases with the development of the
the communist movement, the highest stage of the revolutionary movement,
requires a high degree of consciousness from people. The socialist and
communist societies are built by the purposeful and conscious efforts of the
popular masses. The role of ideological consciousness is incomparably
enhanced when building socialism and communism after the seizure of
political power and the establishment of the socialist system by the working
class. Capitalism depends on the discipline of hunger and the rod, but
socialism and communism rely on the high level of people's consciousness.
True, control is necessary in the socialist society which is transitional.
But the more the remnants of old society are eliminated as progress is made
in building socialism and communism, the greater becomes the significance of
people's consciousness. Socialism and communism provide all conditions for
increasing the role of people's ideological consciousness to the full. In
the socialist society, the advanced ideology of the working class prevails
all over the community. Capitalism subordinates even man's thinking and
action to money considerations, but socialism and communism make the masses
of the people true masters of society, and therefore give full play to the
revolutionary enthusiasm and creative zeal of the masses.
tremendous role of ideological consciousness in the revolutionary struggle
for socialism and communism is also connected with the characteristics of
the revolutionary thought of the working class.
The role of
ideological consciousness in social progress depends on its class character
and content. The reactionary ideology of the exploiting class hampers social
progress, whereas the advanced ideology of the progressive class gives
impetus to the development of society. The revolutionary ideology of the
working class, the most independent class, has an incomparably greater
revolutionary influence than any other advanced ideas in history. The
revolutionary thought of the working class mirrors the laws of social
development and the aspirations of the masses in a scientific manner, so
that it becomes a great material force in social progress. It is a weapon
with which to understand and change the reality and create the future.
Unlike the reactionary thinking of the exploiting class which hinders the
forward movement of history and advocates the old moribund system, the
revolutionary thought of the working class performs the mission to push
forward and lead historical progress.
revolutionary movement is a conscious movement, and for this reason
one must always hold fast to people's thinking as the main thing in the
revolutionary struggle and construction work. Doing this is an important
principle that must be maintained in the revolution and construction.
man's thinking as the main thing in the revolution and construction means
solving all problems by attaching decisive importance to the ideological
factor and enhancing the role of ideological consciousness.
decisive importance to the ideological factor is a law of revolutionary
movement. Material factors, too, play a great part in the revolutionary
movement. But the existence of material conditions does not give rise to the
revolution automatically. How to make use of these material conditions
depends on people's conscious activity. Whether these material conditions
are prepared quickly or not depends on man's activity. The revolution
can be pushed forward only by the active struggle of the revolutionaries and
the popular masses. Fundamentally speaking, a revolution does not always
break out when all the necessary conditions exist, nor is it carried out
always in favourable circumstances.
folded arms for all conditions to ripen is tantamount to refusing to make a
revolution. Primary importance, therefore, should be given to the
ideological factor in the revolutionary struggle and construction work, and
on this basis strenuous efforts should be made to create all the necessary
problems by raising the level of people's consciousness is the method
inherent to the communists. The communists who struggle for the freedom and
happiness of the people, lead the revolution to victory and fulfil their
noble mission by awakening people ideologically and making them conscious
and encouraging them to undertake the struggle of their own accord. The
communists have a powerful ideological weapon capable of awakening all the
people to activity. Although the capitalist class, too, strives to spread
its ideology, capitalist thinking cannot be accepted by the masses as their
own because it fundamentally conflicts with their interests. Only the
working-class ideology which champions the interests of the working masses
can be accepted by all the people, and it alone can dominate the whole
everything by awakening people politically and ideologically is a solid
guarantee for the triumph of the revolution and construction. Reliance on
the high degree of the masses' revolutionary consciousness will give a
strong impetus to the revolutionary struggle and construction work, overcome
unfavourable conditions and speed up the victory of the revolution.