By President KIM IL SUNG
(April 6, 1993)
To put an end to the nearly half a century of division and confrontation
and reunify the country is the unanimous demand and desire of the whole
nation. For the independent and peaceful reunification of the country it is
necessary to achieve the great unity of the whole nation. All those who are
concerned about the destiny of the nation, whether they be in the north, or
in the south, or overseas, and whether they be communists or nationalists,
rich or poor, atheists or believers, must unite as one nation, transcending
all their differences, and together pave the way for national reunification.
Those with strength devoting their strength, those with knowledge giving
their knowledge and those with money donating their money, all should make a
tangible contribution to the reunification of the country and the
development and prosperity of a reunified land, so putting an end to
national division and displaying the dignity and honour of the reunited 70
million fellow countrymen to the world.
1. A unified state, independent, peaceful and neutral, should be founded
through the great unity of the whole nation.
The north and the south should found a pan-national unified state to
represent all parties, all groupings and all the members of the nation from
all walks of life, while leaving the existing two systems and two
governments intact. The pan-national unified state should be a confederal
state in which the two regional governments of the north and the south are
represented equally, and an independent, peaceful and nonaligned neutral
state which does not lean to any great power.
2. Unity should be based on patriotism and the spirit of national
All the members of the nation should link their individual destiny with
that of the nation, love their nation passionately and unite with the single
desire to defend the independence of the nation. They should display dignity
and pride in being members of our nation and reject sycophancy and national
nihilism that erode the nation's consciousness of independence.
3. Unity should be achieved on the principle of promoting co-existence,
coprosperity and common interests and subordinating everything to the cause
of national reunification.
The north and the south should recognize and respect the existence of
different beliefs, ideas and systems, and achieve joint progress and
prosperity, with neither side encroaching on the other. They should promote
the interests of the whole nation before regional and class interests and
direct every effort to the accomplishment of the cause of national
4. All political disputes that foment division and confrontation between
fellow countrymen should be ended and unity should be achieved.
The north and the south should refrain from seeking or fomenting
confrontation, end all political disputes between them and stop abusing and
slandering each other. As fellow countrymen they should not be hostile to
each other and, through the united efforts of the nation, they should
counter foreign aggression and interference.
5. The fear of invasion from both south and north, and the ideas of
prevailing over communism and communization should be dispelled, and north
and south should believe in each other and unite.
The north and the south should not threaten and invade each other. Neither
try to force its system on the other or to absorb the other.
6. The north and south should value democracy and join hands on the road to
national reunification, without rejecting each other because of differences
in ideals and principles.
They should guarantee the freedom of debate on and of activities for
reunification and should not suppress, take reprisals against, persecute or
punish political opponents. They should not arrest anyone because of their
pro-north or pro-south tendencies and should release and reinstate all
political prisoners so that they may contribute to the cause of national
7. The north and south should protect the material and spiritual wealth of
individuals and organizations and encourage their use for the promotion of
great national unity.
Both before reunification and after it they should recognize state
ownership, cooperative ownership and private ownership and protect the
capital and property of individuals and organizations, as well as all
interests concerned with foreign capital. They should recognize the social
reputation and qualifications of individuals in all domains including
science, education, literature, the arts, public debate, the press, health
care and sports, and continue to guarantee the benefits granted to people
who have performed meritorious services.
8. Understanding, trust and unity should be built up across the nation
through contact, exchange visits and dialogue.
All the obstacles to contact and exchange visits should be removed and the
door should be opened for everyone without discrimination to undertake
exchange visits. All the parties, groupings and people of all social
standings should be given equal opportunities to conduct dialogue, and
bilateral and multilateral dialogue should be developed.
9. The whole nation, north, south and overseas, should strengthen its
solidarity for the sake of national reunification.
Things beneficial to national reunification should be supported and
encouraged in an unbiased manner and things harmful to it should be rejected
in the north, in the south and overseas, and all should assist and cooperate
with one another, going beyond their own narrow enclosure. All political
parties, organizations and the people from all walks of life in the north,
in the south and overseas should be allied organizationally in the patriotic
work to achieve national reunification.
10. Those who have contributed to the great unity of the nation and to the
cause of national reunification should be honoured.
Special favours should be granted to those who have performed exploits for
the sake of the great unity of the nation and the reunification of the
country, to patriotic martyrs and to their descendants. If those who had
turned their back on the nation in the past return to the patriotic road,
repentant of their past, they should be dealt with leniently and assessed
fairly, according to the contribution they have made to the cause of